by Val Bott, May 2009
The International Year of Astronomy in 2009 saw local celebrations at Syon Park; these highlighted the unique contribution to UK astronomy of Thomas Harriot (1560-1621) who made the first ever telescopic observations of the moon at Syon. This short article shares Val Bott’s discovery of two local brick- and tile-makers who bequeathed telescopes in their wills, now preserved in The National Archives at Kew.
James Tappin d 1793
In his will (PROB 11/1228), proved in 1793, James Tappin describes himself as a brickmaker of Strand on the Green and left most of his property to his wife, Mary. However, he also made one special bequest: “I give to William Goodrick now of Strand on the Green, Officer of Excise, my Brass Reflecting Telescope with the Case and Apparatus belonging thereto as a token of my Remembrance of the Friendship that has long subsisted between us”. This was a generous gift and must have marked a special friendship.
It has not yet been possible to find much more about James Tappin. His only other bequest was of 1 guinea to his son, also James, who was probably a lighterman in Brentford, where he owned a share in some cottages. James Tappin Senior is listed in the Land Tax records in the early 1790s in a small £3 cottage; a few doors away lived William Goodrick in a £65 property, no doubt an official excise house. By 1796, Goodrick (sometimes Goodrich) was serving as Supervisor of the Excise in Yarmouth, Norfolk, when he provided a character reference for a former employee who had stolen some candles (HO 47/22/16). Goodrick commented upon the fact that “a jury of tradesmen could not be expected to have any goodwill towards an officer of the excise”.
William Kirby Trimmer 1770-1811
One of the sons of Sarah Trimmer, the founder of Sunday schools in Brentford, by 1782 William was serving on the naval training ship, HMS Ganges, moored at Shotley in Suffolk. By 1792 he was working in the family brick- and tile-making business and in 1794 he married Jane Bayne of Kensington with whom he had 7 children. The family lived at the Brentford end of Strand on the Green, that is near Kew Bridge, where their workshops and tile kilns stood. This was only a few yards from Tappin’s house.
William was ill for some time during 1810 and 1811. In his will (PROB 11/1534), proved in 1812, he described himself as a brick and tile maker, so he had followed in the family business. He bequeathed to Jane “all my household furniture, fossils, linen, plate, books, prints and telescopes”.
In 1813 his paper on fossilised remains found in the Brentford brickfields was published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, with a covering letter from his brother, James Rustat Trimmer, explaining that the article had been written shortly before William’s last long illness.
Interestingly one of William’s sons, Joshua Kirby Trimmer (1795-1857), became a significant geologist and also wrote about agricultural matters. Perhaps Mary passed on the fossils and telescopes to her children, encouraging their scientific interests.